Females who are in the age of menstruating suffer lots of problems. Menstruation is not an easy phase. Women need to visit gynecologists every now and then. There are several problems faced by women in this condition. One of the most common problems these days is PCOD? Let us understand what is actually in detail.
What is PCOD?
PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). It is a very common condition affecting 5% to 10% of women mainly in the age group 12–45 years. In this case, a woman’s hormones are out of balance. The principal features include no ovulation, irregular periods, acne, and hirsutism. If not treated it can cause insulin-resistant diabetes, obesity, and high cholesterol leading to heart disease.
10 questions were asked to a gynecologist who has answered all of them, without doing furthermore delay let us know them.
1. What causes PCOD?
PCOD is a condition that affects 1 out of 5 women at the time of their childbearing age. Cysts that develop in ovaries cause hormonal fluctuations resulting in the overproduction of male hormones in the body. Due to the excess male hormones the menstrual cycle delays and it gets difficult for women to get pregnant. PCOD patients also experience symptoms such as weight gain, facial hair, acne, heavy bleeding, skin darkening, and headache.
2. Is there any cure for PCOD?
The doctor has told us that there is no magical treatment to get fully cured but there is some treatment available that will make you feel better. Your doctor may suggest medications that can help alleviate acne, hair growth, and irregular periods. But medications alone cannot heal your disease for it you must have to follow an effective dietary and healthy lifestyle.
3. Can I go for surgery to remove the cysts?
Doctors generally recommend surgery when all other medications or treatments are getting failed. A procedure called drilling is performed to remove the cysts and help restore normal ovulation. Surgery may improve the chances of getting pregnant.
4. What kind of diet should I take?
When you have PCOD your body doesn’t utilize the glucose effectively and ends up converting all glucose into fat. A high carb diet can worsen your symptoms and trigger a cascade of symptoms. It is important to switch to a low carb diet when you’re suffering from PCOD. You can intake foods like low glycaemic index food, low in natural sugars, whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, anti-inflammatory foods like turmeric, cinnamon, garlic, etc.
5. Is PCOD is a life-long problem?
Previously it has been mentioned that there is no such magical cure for this disease, and it can't go on its own. Even after menopause, many women continue to have high levels of male hormones. Medications along with dietary and lifestyle modifications can alleviate the symptoms and improve the quality of life.
6. Which exercise is best for PCOD patients?
Swimming, cycling, and yoga are great exercises for PCOD patients. They can help achieve core strength, improve bone density and help maintain a healthy heart rate.
7. Why is it difficult for PCOD patients to get pregnant?
The main reason that PCOD causes are irregular periods, which means that women can’t ovulate every month. Doctors may prescribe treatment that can help in ovulation and thereby helping in positive pregnancy results.
8. Is endometriosis and PCOD the same thing?
Absolutely not both are totally different from each other. One causes hormonal imbalance and the other causes infertility. In endometriosis, the tissue that lines your uterus grows outside the uterus. This can cause severe pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, painful sex, and infertility.
9. How are PCOD and diabetes connected?
The hormone that lowers sugars converts sugar into energy. Too much of this hormone is not just a symptom of PCOD but also a major cause of this condition. This can lead to weight gain, excess male hormones, and eventually, type 2 diabetes.
10. Can PCOD cause depression?
Yes some patients suffering from PCOD may feel depressed. Experts believe that depression can stem from obesity, unwanted facial hair, and acne which may cause self-esteem issues in women. In such cases, the doctor recommends therapy sessions with a psychologist.
PCOD statistics by DR. Anita Sadaty
Here is some important and relevant information regarding the PCOD, which will help many of your close ones suffering from this disease. Spread it and share this article with everyone.