There are 2,360 parties registered with ECI and 2,301 or 97.50% of them are unrecognised.
According to Association For Democratic Reforms (ADR), the contribution reports of only 78 (3.39%) of the total 2,301 registered unrecognized political parties are available in the public domain for 2018-19.
The number of these parties increased two-fold in the last 10 years, from 1,112 in 2010 to 2,301 in 2019. The figure spiked disproportionately during the year of the parliamentary election.
Unrecognized political parties are either newly registered or have not secured a sufficient percentage of votes in the Assembly or General Elections to become a state party. The parties that fall under this category also may have never contested the elections after being registered with the Election Commission of India. The ADR report said 2,301 or 97.50% of registered groups are unrecognized parties.
The contribution reports of a total of only 78 or 3.39% of the total 2,301 registered unrecognized parties are available in the public domain for FY 2018-’19, and for FY 2017-’18, the reports are available for only 82 parties or 3.56% of the total registered unrecognized parties.
The number of these parties increased two-fold in the last 10 years, from 1,112 in 2010 to 2,301 in 2019. The figure spiked disproportionately during the year of the parliamentary election. Between 2018 and 2019, it increased by over 9.8%, while between 2013 and 2014, it increased by 18%.
The report declared that 6,860 donations costing Rs 65.45 crore were received during 2018-’19, and 6,138 of them worth Rs 24.6 crore arrived in 2017-’18. For both financial years, the Uttar Pradesh-based Apna Desh Party declared the highest donations to the tune of Rs 65.63 crore.
In terms of sector-wise donations, 761 contributions were made by corporate/business sectors amounting to ₹14.47 crore, amounting to 16.07% of total donations, while 11,997 individual donors contributed ₹73.57 crores in two years. In all, 57 parties reported no donations.
Of the total 12,998 donations involving ₹90.05 crores in both the years, the parties did not declare PAN details of 1,528 donations worth ₹5.47 crore.