As per the CAMPA scheme of the Research Advisory Committee of Uttarakhand Forest Dept., India's first moss garden, the one of its kind, has been inducted by Raman Magsaysay Awardee Rajendra Singh near Khurpatal in Nainital District.
The objective of developing the garden is multi-dimensional. On one hand, it seeks to conserve the different trails of species of moss & other bryophytes & on the other, it is working to generate mass-awareness for ecological concerns & creating a tourist attraction at the same time.
Mosses are one of the oldest living organisms on the planet, predating Jurassic era. It also helps other plants to thrive through the assistance of a soothing atmosphere. The garden displays a dinosaur model which provides testimony to the fact that they had their existence since. They also have fashionable Japanese ornaments made of moss terrarium that has significance in terms of temperature control & antibacterial purposes.
The Chief Conservator of Forest Sanjiv Chaturvedi asserted that the aim of developing the garden over an area of ten hectors is to stress moss' ecological role in the bio-system. The two species of mosses discovered here are – Hydrthe Opahila Involuta (Cement moss) & Brachythecium Bunchanani find their place in International Union for Conservation Nature's red list. It also has an interpretation centre that features a First World War portrait depicting the magical quality of Sphagnum moss to dress wounds faster than even cotton.