Updated: Oct 19, 2021
The Map of Jharkhand and it's location on Map of India
Jharkhand is a state in Eastern-India. It is mostly known for its natural beauty which includes forests, waterfalls, animals, birds. The capital of the state is Ranchi which is famously called the "Gateway to the Park" and its sub-capital in Dumka.
The state shares its borders with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Odisha, and West Bengal. It is expanded to 79,714km² and the population of the state is 3.19Crores. The state has 24 districts in total.
"Jharkhand- Land of Forest" was formed in 2000 and previously it was a part of Bihar. Many people have no clue what this "specific" state actually contributes to the country and it might seem like a small state but it actually contributes to the 40% of the mineral resource of India.
Also, it is not just about Forest and Minerals, it is actually much more. It is said that " In order to know about something, you need to explore it."
Tribal People: The Flagbearers of the State
One of the Tribal people of the state Jharkhand
There are a total of Thirty-Two tribes present in the state. Due to the presence of tribal people in Jharkhand with the majority, it is counted as one of the "tribal-state". All tribes are different from each other yet share a common ground, their homeland, their Jharkhand!
All the tribes are best but a few of them are heard commonly are Munda, Oraaon, Santhal, Khadia, Banjara, etc. These are the native people who are part of this state since the time immemorial.
The languages used here are Hindi, Bhojpuri, Angika, Kurmali, Magahi, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, and Santhali. People speak so many languages here and the languages are so diverse.
The Diverse Culture of Jharkhand
Jharkhand has proudly emerged culturally as an important multi-ethnic state. The state is blended with various tribal cultures, people are influenced by Buddhism and Jainism, the Mughals, and Hindu kings. The culture of Jharkhand treat their guests as Gods and serves them and take care of them.
The cultures are expressed in the forms of their paintings. There are a few famous types of paintings in the state. They are Jado Patiya, Kohbar, and Sohrai. These are the state-rich traditions.
Jado Patiya- This is a form of painting, is now limited to some rural areas in Dumka, and practiced by less than a dozen artists in the entire district. This is one of the oldest forms of paintings for which we still use raw natural colors like geru pathar (a red stone), sim pata (leaves of broad beans), and lamp black. The three are mixed in various ways to get different colors. Paintbrushes are made out of twigs and a series of paintings is done.
Kohbar- Kohbar actually means the bride's room. These are the traditional types of paintings that are done in the Hindu Bridal ceremony. Etymology: Koh means "cave" and Bar/War means "groom" thus "bride room". These are basically wall paintings that are mostly done by women. They are printed in a stylish grand manner in like Madhubani designs.
Paitkar Painting- The mode of these paintings is the ancient school of paintings.
It is a totally creative expression of folk art found in the form of a scroll. The painting is prepared by the painters known as 'Chitrakar'.
Sohrai- These paintings are highly inspired by the old cave paintings which were found in Jharkhand. They were found in Hazaribagh which was initially primarily tribal. These paintings are elaborate paintings with colors.
Basically, the theme of these paintings is a reproduction, female-male bonding, magic, and sorcery (evil magic). The symbols used are husband, animals, birds, tortoises, and symbols that are valid for the growth of the race. Other symbols are like elephants, peacock, lotus, flowers, and various forms of Lord Shiva and Human figures.
Dances in Jharkhand
The culture of the state is in accordance with nature. The nature and culture of Jharkhand are really unique. It includes music that constitutes Singing, Vedan, and Nartan. There are so many dance forms in Jharkhand and so many rhythms to dance upon. Dance is the name of "ragas" in accordance with the style of currencies. Here in Jharkhand dance is known as play, Khel, Khalak, and the nature of Jharkhandi dance keeps changing with the sequence of the season (seasonal cycle).
Dance is organized on some special occasions and those dances are named on the basis of occasions such as Phagua Nach, Sohrai Dance, Karma Dance, Bhagatiaa Dance, Naga Nach, etc. Some of the famous dance forms of Jharkhand are:-
Dasai Dance:- The festival Dasai is celebrated in the month of October. The men dance with peacock feathers adorning their turbans. Some even dress up as women or wear sackcloth. This festival goes back to a period in history when the Santals had to defend themselves and hide their identity behind masks.
Karma Dance:- Karma Nach is one of the famous dance of Jharkhand performed on the occasion of the Karma festival which is celebrated in the autumn month. This folk dance is performed during the worship of the god of fate which is known as Karam Devta. People consider the god of fate as the cause of good and bad fortune.
Sarhul Dance:- Sarhul literally means 'Sal worship', the Sarhul festival is dedicated to Mother Earth - nature is worshiped during this festival. Sarhul is celebrated for several days, with the main traditional dance being the Sarhul Nritya.
These Jharkhandi primitive dances are the pride of Asmita, the identity and glory of Jharkhand
Crafts in Jharkhand
As I mentioned earlier, Jharkhand is about much more. The crafts which are Jharkhand originated are known as "JharCraft". There are so many small and big industries that are making different types of craft products.
Bamboo Works:- Commonly known as "Baans Shilp". Bamboo is used to carve fishing types of equipment, baskets, boxes, and decorative items.
The natives started this initiative to make crafts with bamboo but later it was adopted by many people.
Metal Crafts:- Commonly known as "Dhaatu Shilp". This is very popular among Tentri and Malhar communities. Simple and beautiful jewelry is made up of using metals and beads. Idols, as well as decorative items, are also made using metals like brass, bronze, beads, etc.
Stone Carvings:- This is said to be the most traditional craft of the Jharkhandi natives. It is done with small spear and hammers for basic carvings of stones. But it is losing its ground over the years and only a few artists are present who still practice this form of art.
Tribal Ornaments:- These ornaments and jewelry made up of gold, silver, brass, bronze, beads. The ornaments include hasuli, thela, tarpat, pahuchi, mandli, jhumka, sikhli, and kadhas.
Tribal people along with other locals also purchase these. These ornaments are made these days in more stylish modified ways.
Wooden Crafts:- As Jharkhand is known as the Land of Forests so wooden crafts were prominent here. Due to the abundance of woods, a creative variety of wood articles are made.
There are so many tourist spots in Jharkhand. Some are famous places where people visit often while there are still a few places undiscovered. Just because it is undiscovered people have no clue what this state is all about. Some of the must-visit places are:-
Betla National Park
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
Maithon Dam Tagore Hill
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Betla National Park, Palamu
Betla National Park is a national park located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the Palamu district of Jharkhand, India. The park hosts a wide variety of wildlife.
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazaribagh
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Jharkhand, India, about 55 miles north of Ranchi. It was established in 1955.
Jubilee Park, Jamshedpur
Jubilee Park is an urban park located in the city of Jamshedpur in India. It is a popular destination for all those who wish to have an outdoor picnic.
Tagore Hill, Ranchi
The Tagore Hill also known as Morabadi Hill is situated in Morabadi, Ranchi, Jharkhand. It is around 300 feet high and the hilltop has a long associated history with the revered poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
The Food Palette
One can say that the state is rich in its food presentation. There is an enormous number of food items present in Jharkhand. There are some food items very famous among the tribals while some are food cooked from the legacy perspective.
The state is fond of food items made up of Rice or Finger Millets( Raagi). Ragi is called "madrua" in the native language of Jharkhand.
Food Items are:-
Here we came to an end to the tour of the state not so popular yet a lot to discover. After going through all this I am pretty sure you can totally love this and will be interested in once a life-time visit to this place.
Here people are from different geographical locations and have different cultures, traditions, food habits from other states, yet it is a part of the country. Together we constitute the "Incredible India"