September 22, 1965:

Part of the Indo-Pakistani Wars and Conflicts

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 between India and Pakistan, over Kashmir, ended on 22 September, after the United Nations called for a ceasefire. It was a culmination of skirmishes, that took place between April 1965 and September 1965, which began following Operation Gibraltar of Pakistan, designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu & Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against the Indian rule.

The War of 1965 saw the Indian and Pakistani Air Forces engaged in a large scale aerial combat against each other for the first time since the Partition of India in 1947. This war also witnessed the engagement of the largest armored vehicles and the largest tank battle, since World War II.

The hostilities between the two countries came to an end after a mandatory ceasefire was declared by the United Nations, following the diplomatic intervention of the Soviet Union and the United States of America. The Tashkent Declaration, a peace treaty between India and Pakistan was subsequently issued to resolve the 1965 War, signed on January 10, 1966.

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