September 25, 1932:

Madan Mohan Malaviya

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

The Poona Pact was signed between Madan Mohan Malaviya and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar at Yerwada Central Jail of Poona in India on 25th September 1932, reserving legislative seats for the depressed classes (untouchables).

Ambedkar signed the pact on behalf of the depressed classes and Malaviya signed it, as representative of the upper caste Hindus and also Mahatma Gandhi.

Gandhi, at that time, was fasting to protest against the decision made by the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald to give separate electorates to depressed classes for the election of members of provincial legislative assemblies in British India. The pact also acted as a means to end Gandhi's fast.

The depressed classes, in the end, were allotted 147 electoral seats out of the general electorate, according to the terms of the Poona Pact.

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