The Taliban, Afghanistan, And What It Means For India

Image Source: Council on Foreign Relations

As news from all around the world very clearly suggests, a massive turn of events have occurred in World Politics. This has happened with the fall of Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, into the hands of the Taliban, a Deobandi Islamist movement and military organization, on Sunday. The Afghan President, Ashraf Ghani, has fled from Afghanistan, and the existing Government has collapsed.

The Taliban were formed in Afghanistan during the power vacuum thereafter the Soviet Republic left Afghanistan. It originally took the support of the USA to drive out USSR, and then, gained control of almost the full of the country by 1996, proclaiming an Islamic emirate in Afghanistan. This resulted in the frequent denial of human rights for the citizens of Afghanistan, especially women. The United States officials predicted that the Taliban did not have the strength to take over Kabul when in reality, the Taliban was steadily increasing its power and gathering more and more territories.

Although India shares some parts of its borders with Afghanistan, that part actually falls under the territory of Pakistan occupied Kashmir. India had aided Afghanistan with some $2 Billion, ever since the attack on 9/11, which the new Taliban rule has acknowledged. Those investments included investment in the Chabahar port in Iran, the hub of a trade route that freed Afghanistan from the previous route that remained in control of Pakistan.

On the other hand, the Taliban has warned India against any military intervention on India's part in Afghanistan, promising "consequences" if done otherwise.

Currently, India is preparing to pull and evacuate its diplomats and civilians from Afghanistan if the situation grows worse.

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